How will my baby’s vision develop?

Babies learn to see over a period of time and very much like they learn to walk and talk. Vision, and how the brain uses the visual information, are learned skills. Eye and vision problems in infants can cause developmental delays.

At Newborn

At birth, babies see only in black and white and shades of grey
At birth, babies see only in black and white and shades of grey.

At 3 months

From new born to 3 months of age, babies’ eyes can only focus on objects about 20 to 30cm away or the distance to parent’s face when you are feeding and carrying them. Babies will then begin to follow moving objects with their eyes at around 3 months of age.
From new born to 3 months of age, babies’ eyes can only focus on objects about 20 to 30cm away or the distance to parent’s face when you are feeding and carrying them. Babies will then begin to follow moving objects with their eyes at around 3 months of age.

At 6 months

Depth perception is not present at birth. It is not until 5 months of age that the babies’ eyes are capable of working together to form a three-dimensional view of the world and begin to have the ability to judge if objects are nearer or further away. Colour vision is more developed now and babies should be able to see all the colours of the rainbow.
Depth perception is not present at birth. It is not until 5 months of age that the babies’ eyes are capable of working together to form a three-dimensional view of the world and begin to have the ability to judge if objects are nearer or further away. Colour vision is more developed now and babies should be able to see all the colours of the rainbow.

At 12 months

Babies can judge distances very well and recognize faces. They develop better eye-hand coordination such as crawling.

Baby’s First Eye Exam

eyeexam-min
The first eye exam should be between the ages of 6 and 12 months even if no eye or vision problems are apparent. Optometrist will test for excessive or unequal amounts of short-sightedness, long-sightedness and astigmatism. Eye movement ability and eye health problems are important to identify as well as any vision development complications are easier to correct, if treatment begins early.

References:

http://www.aoa.org/patients-and-public/good-vision-throughout-life/childrens-vision/infant-vision-birth-to-24-months-of-age?sso=y
http://www.eyes4kids.com/eye-facts-milestone.php
http://www.allaboutvision.com/parents/infants.htm
http://www.aapos.org/terms/conditions/131